Robert Abernethy, Indentured in Virginia 1652

Published: 20 Jan 2015
Updated: 08 Feb 2018

The name of Robert Abernethy does not show up on the two lists on this site. That does not mean that he was not a SPOW from either battles. In Early Colonial Virginia (see below) it claims that Robert arrived in Virginia in 1652 after the Battle of Dunbar.

Name Variations:
Abernethy, Abernathy

ScottishPOW yDNA Project:
Kit #370072

Descendants and Researchers:
Chip Abernathychipabernathy@earthlink.net – Descendant
Mark Abernathymarkabernathy@rocketmail.com – Descendant
Otis Fullerocfuller@comcast.net – Descendant
Kerry Brandoff
– kerry1947@msn.com – Descendant
Teresa (Hamilton/Pepper) Rustteresa@scottishprisonersofwar.com – Researcher

First Generation in the New World

1.ROBERT ABERNETHY, was born in Scotland in 1635 and died in Prince George County in 1685. He married, first, at Bristol Parish, Prince George, Virginia, (presumably) before 1660, SARAH CABIGGO/CUBISHA. Sarah died about 1685. He married, second, in 1685, CHRISTINE TILGHMAN.

Children of Robert and Sarah (Cabiggo/Cubisha) Abernethy:
2.    i. ROBERT ABERNETHY, born in Prince George in 1660.
2.   ii. ANN ABERNETHY,
2.  iii. MARY ABERNETHY,
2.   iv. JOHN ABERNETHY,
2.    v. DAVID ABERNETHY,
2.   vi. ELISABETH ABERNETHY,
2.  vii. WILLIAM ABERNETHY,
2. viii. MILES ABERNETHY,

Second Generation

2.    i. ROBERT ABERNETHY, born in Prince George in 1660.

2.   ii. ANN ABERNETHY,

2.  iii. MARY ABERNETHY,

2.   iv. JOHN ABERNETHY,

2.    v. DAVID ABERNETHY,

2.   vi. ELISABETH ABERNETHY,

2.  vii. WILLIAM ABERNETHY,

2. viii. MILES ABERNETHY,

SOURCES AND NOTES:
Submitted by Otis Fuller:
I am a direct descendant of Robert Abernathy, Scotland to VA, in 1652, as my
Abernathy cousins are a perfect YDNA match. There is a William Abernathy, Scotland
to Wallingford Ct., in 1652. His DNA matches my Robert’s.” ~ Otis

A man named Robert West was issued a headright grant for paying Abernethy’s passage to the colony along with some others. Robert married Sarah Cubishe/Cabbigo on or about April 3, 1657 in Virginia.

I finally found an explanation of the asterisk used in this book, “the Original Scots Colonists of Early America-Supplement 1607-1707.”
In the introduction David Dobson writes: “Time and place were used to particular advantage when tracking down some of the Scottish prisoners-of-war transported on the orders of Oliver Cromwell to Virginia around 1650. About 1,000 Scots were landed there although no documents listing names seem to exist.  George C. Greer, in his “Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666”, mentions several immigrants bearing Scots names who were first mentioned in Virginia documents around the time that the Scots transportees were landed.  This method of identification, however, significantly understates the level of Scottish immigration because many of the prisoners-or-war would have had surnames common to all parts of the British Isles and thus were not selected for inclusion in his work.  Those listed, believed on the basis of circumstantial evidence to be Scots, are marked with an asterisk.  It is obvious that some of the surnames, especially those of Gaelic origin, have been incorrectly written down.  This is particularly true in the case of Highlanders, captured after the battles of the English Civil War and later transported in chains to America, whose names were written down phonetically by English or colonial clerks.  In order to rectify this, I have attempted to provide what I believe to have been the original names or a least a modern Anglicised version of them, and in such cases the documentary versions appear in parenthesis.  In this regard I have referred to the standard authority on Scots surnames in their various forms, namely George Black’s “Surnames of Scotland”.”

Arrived in Charles City County, VA as an indentured servant from Scotland in 1652.  The reference listed is: EVI [Directory in front of book says this is publication is Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666 (G.C.Greer, Baltimore, 1978)] Also, do you see that asterisk * after the first name Robert? I don’t know what that means and I can’t find any explanation of it in this supplement.” – look up by Jackie. – from The Original Scots Colonists of Early America – Supplement 1607 – 1707 by David Dobson “We think he may have been a Scottish POW from either Dunbar or Worcester. He died in Dinwiddie County, VA @ 1685.”
– Kerry Brandoff

From: Early Colonial Virginia
“Robert A. Abernathy was born in 1635 in Scotland.Robert arrived in VA in 1652 after the Battle of Dunbar. He was indentured to Roger Tilghman. He married in Bristol Parish, Prince George, VA to Sarah Cabiggo or Cubisha, daughterof John Cubisha and Jane Bell. Robert died in 1685 in Prince George, VA. Robert and Sarah had a son, Robert who was born in 1660 in Prince George, VA. He married about 1685 to Christine Tilghman. It is possible that Robert A. Abernathy came to America as an indenture to Christine’s father, Roger Tilghman/Tilman. Robert and Sarah had the following children: Robert, Ann, Mary, John, David, Elizabeth, William and Miles. Robert died in 1685 in Prince George, VA.

Miles Abernathy, son of Robert Abernathy b. 1695 in Charles City County, and Mary Howell or Harwell, was born in 1750 in Prince George, VA. He married about 1775 in NC to Sarah Ann Jones, daughter of Richard Jones and Elizabeth Batte. Sarah was born in Amelin, VA.Miles and Sarah had the following children: “Big” John D., Battee, Jones, Elizabeth, Carlene, Robert and Miles. Miles died in Tryon, NC in 1789.”

16 Responses to Robert Abernethy, Indentured in Virginia 1652

  1. jabbajane says:

    To Kerry Brandoff ~ In the Introduction page vi it states that : ” Those listed, believed on the circumstantial evidence to be Scots, are marked with an asterisk.” I hope this helps.

  2. Otis Fuller says:

    I am a direct descendant of Robert Abernathy, Scotland to VA, in 1652, as my Abernathy cousins are a perfect YDNA match. There is a William Abernathy, Scotland to Wallingford Ct., in 1652. His DNA matches my Robert’s.

  3. Kim Edwards says:

    We are descendants also.

  4. Rhonda Hambright says:

    Descendant!

  5. Linda Rhyne says:

    I am a direct descendant of Robert Abernethy through my great great grandmother, Louisa Emmaline Abernathy. I have my DNA registered with Ancestry and Gedmatch. He is on the Rhyne family tree

  6. Amy says:

    I am also a descendant via Battee Abernathy 1717.
    Did anyone ever figure out if this Robert was related to the Salthoun Abernathy family or is that an error?

  7. Lynda Brown DeLuryea says:

    My 3rd Great Grandmother was Nancy Abernathy, daughter of John Abernathy Jr. I believe her 3rd Great Grandfather was Robert Abernathy I from Scotland. I also have my DNA registered with Ancestry and Gedmatch. I would love to confirm the connection.

  8. David abernathy says:

    I am a descendant of Robert abernethy. I have traced my lineage from georgia to Scotland. Thank you for this article…

  9. Carolyn says:

    My Robertson lineage is through Lucretia Abernethy who married Robert Robertson. Lucretia, a daughter of David Abernethy who married Mary Ann Turner.
    David being one of the children of Robert Abernethy b c 1660 who married Christine Tilghman [Tillman]
    The Abernethy lineage inter marriages into several of my lineages.
    The Abernethy lineage originates with King Malcom III ‘Canmore’ King of Scotland.
    As does my Robertson lineage [originates with the Kings of Scotland/ through King Duncan.]
    It’s great to link oneself with history. Robert Abernethy was a Captain in the Scottish
    Army, commanded by Lt. General David Leslie. He (Robert0 was along the over 1000 prisoners of war transported to Jamestown, Va. in 1652. Most people have no ideal what part of history these Scots played in the English Civil War. Nor, do they have any idea who David Leslie was, not even the British people.
    I have traced my Robertson lineage back to the beginning.

  10. Andrea Ahlers says:

    I am a descendant of Robert Abernethy as well. I have my DNA registered with Ancestry.

  11. Gary Abernathy says:

    I’m a descendant of Robert Abernethy, also. I have registered my DNA findings with Abernathy DNA Project which has Elizabeth Forney and Margaret Ogilvie as moderators. We need to be careful with claims of wars (most likely), lineage for Robert (Royalty lines) and children. Its tempting, trust me I know. But there just isn’t proof to back up most of the stories on the internet and especially Ancestry.com about George Abernathy deBarrie being his dad or even How he got to America. But I feel its safe to assume because of the laws at that time involving servitude, he was most likely a POW. Also, the famous marriage document (Cow Document) showed he nor Sara could write their own names. Royalty lineage? Sorry.

    My lineage as I feel is as follows:

    Robert Abernethy I * no proof he had more than 1 child
    + Sara Cubishe * she had a daughter named Sarah / Robert’s daughter or not?
    Robert Abernethy II * was Robert I indentured to Roger Tilghman? Interesting.
    + Christine Tillman/Tilghman * Her father was Roger Tilghman
    Robert Abernethy III
    + Mary * I feel its Harwell
    Robert Abernathy IV
    + Sarah * Abernethy? * could she be his Scottish cousin?
    James Abernathy * tough one, not on Robert IV will, except as witness
    + Elizabeth Cox
    David Abernathy
    + Martha Patty / Patsy Abernethy * a cousin / father: David Harwell Abernathy
    Turner Abernathy * this Turner died in Washington County, IL
    + Margaret Nelson
    Nelson T. Abernathy * 1900 Federal Census / Sisson Township, Howell, MO
    + Miarim L Anderson * buried in Atkins, AR
    Richard Berry Abernathy
    + Sarah Ann McGuffey
    Samuel L Abernathy * born: MO Died: CA 1st wife died giving birth
    + Velma E Stillwell * born: AR Died: CA 2nd wife of Samuel

    Samuel and Etta Abernathy would be my grandparents.

    Gary D Abernathy
    8th great grandson of Robert and Sara Abernethy

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