Welcome!

(The photo, on the header above, was taken by Teresa Rust in June 2011. It is of tomb effigies on the the lids of Medieval knights’ sarcophagi. They are located in the little museum on the Isle of Iona in Western Scotland.)

Updated 1 July 2014:

Welcome!
You have found the web/blog site of the Scottish prisoners of war from the Battle of Dunbar on 3 Sep 1650 and the Battle of Worcester on 3 Sep 1651. No, that is not a mistake; the battles did take place on the same day, just one year apart. These were two battles of the Third English Civil War (1649-1651).

The Battle of Dunbar took place in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland. The Scottish army commanded by David Leslie fought against the English Parliamentarian forces under Oliver Cromwell. The Scots were defeated and thousands of Scottish soldiers were taken as prisoners of war. Approximately 150 of them were exiled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now New England), in Nov 1650, arriving, most likely, early in 1651. They were indentured into hard labor and after their seven year stint, the ones who survived, bought land, married, and settled down to rear families. Many of them have thousands of descendants now living throughout the United States.

The Battle of Worcester took place in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. It was the LAST battle of the English Civil Wars. The Scottish Royalists under “ Charles II attempted to forcefully regain the crown, in the fields a little to the west and south of the city, near the village of Powick,” from Wikipedia. The Scottish Royalists were defeated and thousands were taken prisoner. About 272 of them were exiled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652. They also served about seven years each and many of them lived to own land, marry and rear families. There are also thousands of their descendants living today in the US.

This web/blog site is an effort to bring together the known facts of these prisoners. They left their Scottish homes for war, never expecting that if they survived the battle, they would never see their homes again.

By working together, we hope to knock down some of our brick walls. One of our main goals is to discover the birthplaces of our Scottish prisoners in Scotland. We will be using the usual research practices to do so, as well as, a DNA study.
~Teresa

Administrators of this site:
~Teresa (Hamilton/Pepper) Rust, Founder/Owner and Super Admin
~Elizabeth (Bowe) Boggs, Administrator

Administrator of the DNA Study:
~John Cleary – Lead Administrator

18 Responses to Welcome!

  1. nancy bauer says:

    Teresa….the website geni,com “Scots Prisoners and their Relocation in the Colonies 1650-1654″
    included 3 men who worked at the Great Works sawmills who are not on your list….one, David Hamilton is on your John and Mary list and his family sheet at ancestry.com says that is how he arrived. The other two, however, James Barry and John Taylor are not on the J & M list. State. in their genealogies they came on the Unity.. They stayed on, settling in Berwick. Does that make your 150 Scots?. Check it out!
    Elnathan .Dunckley was not a Scottish prisoner as you note but must have come on the Unity either as a passenger as French concluded, or .possibly, a crew member who came on the Unity from London on its return trip and stayed,

    • We do have a James Taylor on the Unity list, he is #135 maybe he was this same John Taylor, James and John are common names that could have been easily mixed up by transcribers… By adding James Barry to the Unity list that would make 150…I need to check it out more. As to Elnathan Dunckley, I will pass this info. on to his descendant to further investigate. Thank you for your helpful information!! :)

      • Myron Smith says:

        I am also very interested in John Taylor – he is one of my ancestors. I strongly suspect that the “James” Taylor listed on the prisoners list at the Lynn Iron Works was actually John Taylor. On that 1653 list was also a Peter Grant. By 1655 John Taylor was living in Unity Parish (now Berwick) and just one house away was a Peter Grant. One final piece of very suggestive evidence is the fact that the Gen. Dict of ME and NH does not list any “James Taylor”, but it does well describe this John Taylor of Berwick.

  2. Jeanne Paxton Fisher says:

    What do you know about Duncan Stuart? Interesting! Thanks.

    • Jeanne, Are you a descendant of Duncan Stuart?
      Duncan Stuart died on 30 Aug 1717, about 100 years old; he married Ann Winchurst; she died 9 Jul 1729; they had TEN children; Four lasses and Six laddies; Duncan lived in Ipswich, Essex, MA in 1656, then moved to Newbury, MA in 1659 and then to Rowley, MA in 1680; he was a ship’s carpenter. Three of his sons had sons, so all surname descendants are though those sons: James b 1664 in Newbury, Samuel b 1672 in Newbury and Ebenezer (b 1676 in Newbury) Stuart/Stewart. SEE: Centennial History of Harrison, Maine

  3. Suggest you join this group if your father did DNA test. Only way you might find a match in Scotland and a guide to where in Scotland the family originated. Very very unlikely to find paper records of his parentage.

    http://www.familytreedna.com/public/scottishdna/default.aspx

    http://www.scottishdna.net/

  4. jeanne p. fisher says:

    I am a descendant of Archibald Stuart who came to Va. in mid 1700s. There may be a connection to Duncan,but I am unaware of it.

  5. Laura says:

    If I’m reading correctly, you said your husband was a descendant of Duncan Stewart. Is he a Stewart (ie direct descendant)? Has he had a genealogy DNA test done? I’m interested to see if my Rowley Co Mass Stewarts match that line at all.

  6. jeanne p. fisher says:

    There must be some mistake here. I am a descendant of Archibald Stuart.

  7. Jeanne, I think we have two conversations going on here. To what mistake are you referring?

  8. Hi, I’m a descendant of Elnathan Dunkley, and would appreciate any information on him. I’ve been trying to figure out how he ended up on the Unity with Scottish Prisoners. Was he Scottish? If he was, where was he from? If he wasn’t, where was he from? I’ve dead ended on my research with him and anything from Britain would be appreciated.

  9. Joe Bissett says:

    I am the FTDNA administrator for the Bisset(t) surname. My line is from Aberdeen and we have 5 “cousins” identified through Y-DNA matching. One is a descendent of my GGF’s older brother.

    I also conduted some research for a friend on ELNATHAN Tarte. I believe that the overwhelming preponderance of given name use of Elnathan was in NW Shropshire, if that is any help.

  10. Dave Michnal says:

    I was looking at the Dunbar Prisoners list and comparing it to research re my ancestor Fennel Ross and I noticed a correlation. The Dunbar Prisoners list has a John Ross, Finlay Ross, and Gilchrist Ross…and research indicates that there were three possible brothers Ross called Fennel Ross, John Ross, and Killcross Ross living in Ipswich, MA as indentured servants in the 1650s….I think they must be the same men. Thoughts?

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